34.John Garfield
Chris Fujiwara

John Garfield was a unique figure in the American cinema of the 1940s. A star who embodied the toughness and aspirations of the urban working class, Garfield brought to Hollywood an immigrant Jewish-European heritage and the sensibility and working methods of New York's left-wing Group Theatre. These elements informed the emotional intensity, political awareness, and cynicism about American society that can be felt in Garfield's major film performances for directors such as Robert Rossen, Abraham Polonsky, and John Berry. The stress of his political difficulties under the anti-Communist witch hunt has generally been seen as a contributing factor in the actor's death from a heart attack in 1952, at age 39.